Important Aspects Of Financial Accounting

Accounting is the process of recording and classifying financial transactions, which can be done in any organization. Accounting involves recording the financial activities of an organization, such as receipts, expenditures and assets. The information is used by management to make decisions about future actions such as investing or cutting jobs.


Accounting is the process of recording, classifying, and summarizing financial transactions. It’s also known as bookkeeping, financial management or just looking at numbers.

Accounting is a way to keep track of money and assets so you can make sure that you’re getting your fair share from the business. Accounting is the language of business – when people talk about “accountants” they’re talking about someone who understands this language well enough to help them understand their own finances better too! In this lesson we’ll look at how accounting works in practice – how it helps us understand our own finances better than ever before…


An auditor is a person or company that audits the financial statements of companies to ensure that they are accurate and complete. Auditors provide an independent view of the financial performance of a company and its management by reviewing their records, evaluating their internal controls, and looking at how they report their financial results to external investors or shareholders.

Internal auditors are responsible for ensuring that an organization’s internal controls meet established standards; external auditors evaluate these same controls against specific standards set by law or regulatory agencies such as the U.S Securities Exchange Commission (SEC).

The most common types of audits performed include:

  1.  annual audit
  2.  periodic (periodic)
  3.  special purpose
  4.  quality assurance
  5.  forensic

General ledger

The general ledger is a system of accounting that records all financial transactions. It’s the most important book in accounting because it keeps track of every dollar spent and received, so you can tell if your business is making money or losing it.

The general ledger contains three main parts:

  • A list of all transactions that have taken place during a specific period (usually one year). This includes cash receipts, checks written, purchases made with credit cards or other forms of payment; and disbursements such as salaries paid out monthly to employees who work for you during this time period.
  • All receipts from vendors who supply products or services needed by your company (“Vendor #1”), along with payments made by them ($1000), then applying those amounts against corresponding invoices issued earlier by Vendor #2 (“Vendor #2”) – which means we’ve now received $2000 back into our account! Now let’s pay off those overdraft fees…

Balance sheet

The balance sheet is a snapshot of the company’s financial health. It shows the company’s assets, liabilities and equity (owners’ equity). Assets include cash, inventory, land, buildings and equipment. Liabilities include loans and retirement benefits.

The difference between assets and liabilities is called net worth or net assets. If you have more assets than liabilities then your net worth is positive; if you have more liabilities than assets then your net worth is negative.

Financial statement

A company’s financial statement is a snapshot of a company’s overall financial health. It includes information about the following:

  • Income Statement – What did we earn from our business?
  • Balance Sheet – How much money did we have at any given time and what were our assets, liabilities and net worths (our equity)?
  • Statement of Cash Flows – Where does all this money come from?

Business valuation

Business valuation is the process by which a business’s owner or operator determines its economic value. Valuation can be done for several reasons, including:

  • Determining the value of a business for sale
  • Determining the value of a business for estate planning


The accounting cycle is a process that allows business to understand the financial status of their company. It involves recording transactions, projecting future income and expenses, and calculating profit or loss.