Since now we have mentioned the consumer worth index, inflation and unemployment within the last article, in this article we’ll focus on the economic progress, the business cycle and macroeconomics equilibrium in a single nation financial system. The fourth external situation evaluated in the S.T.E.E.P. analytical software is financial elements. This category refers back to the prevailing monetary state of affairs and how it ends in an opportunity or menace for a given enterprise or group (MBA Boost). With reference to higher education in the United States, the current economic downturn poses both a possibility and a risk; a possibility in that extra residents are returning to highschool to improve their knowledge and skills in hopes of higher job prospects and a risk in that state-run institutions are receiving much less government assistance because of essential price range cuts (Osborne, 2009; Leonard, 2009). More particularly, the opposed economic situations at present confronted by state governments (e.g. California, Virginia, and Maryland) has had a damaging impression on state-run schools as a consequence of massive finances cuts to state-sponsored providers (including postsecondary education provided by the group school, California State University, and the College of California programs, respectively) (Editorial Board, 2009). For instance, California State University, Fullerton (one of the larger commuter faculties in southern California) recorded a budget discount of $584 million for 2009-10, and ceased acceptance of applications from new college students for the Spring 2010 semester (CSU’s Chancellor’s workplace). Elsewhere, Virginia and Maryland were the most recent to cut greater training funding. Over the following year, Virginia will cut their higher training funding by 20-30 p.c and Maryland will minimize their funding by 10 p.c-$30 million last month alone-not to point out the truth that states are growing tuition at an alarming chargeâ€ (Editorial Board). The economic woes in the U.S. result in optimistic and unfavorable effects on enrollment at private universities as effectively. Due to the financial downturn many students are choosing to attend less expensive state faculties reasonably than attend higher priced private establishments. However, since some states have been compelled to cut the budgets of their larger teaching programs (as talked about above), those that wish to pursue a college degree have little choice however to pay the higher costs at the personal universities (Osborne; Healey & Snyder, 2009). As of June 2009, enrollment at the College of Phoenix was up 22% over the earlier yr. Further down the road, enrollment in postsecondary education programs is predicted to extend at an annual rate of 12% via 2018 which can result in a larger group of candidates competing for a restricted pool of financing choices (Editorial Board; Fathi & Wilson).